UNDERSTANDING BIPOLAR DISORDERS AND
THE ABILITY TO GO ABOUT YOUR EVERYDAY LIFE
UNIPOLAR DISORDEROUR SERVICES
Unipolar disorders can be caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and social origins of distress. Research theorizes the previously mentioned factors can cause changes in brain function. Unipolar disorders are recurrent and should be treated through the use of psychotherapy (counseling) and pharmacotherapy .
Those suffering from unipolar disorders, may have a persistent feeling of sadness or they may have a loss of interest in some or all aspects of everyday life. Common emotional changes may include: depressed mood with feelings of sadness, hopelessness, guilt, and despair. Irritability can be the primary mood complaint for others. These are a characteristic of major depression which can be seen in both behavioral and physical symptoms. Symptoms can changes energy levels, sleep patterns (changes in sleep pattern are quite common with those suffering from depression), appetite, everyday behavior, and or self-esteem; can include a change in their level of concentration; and can lead to thoughts of suicide due to deep depression.
Contact Mathers Clinic
Contact us to schedule an appointment with a psychiatrist or for more information about our services by calling (815) 444.9999. You may also email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. We look forward to helping you meet with a psychologist at a time that works well for you.
Unipolar Disorders Are Considered Major Depressive Disorder
A major depressive disorder is diagnosed after a single episode of major depression. Symptoms can include some or all of the following: emotional changes, a depressed mood with changes in sleep, appetite, and energy levels.
Those suffering from unipolar disorders, perceive distortions that foster a negative misconception of the world and generates negative thoughts / emotions. This feeling of helplessness is a type of depression that occurs when individuals come to believe they have no control over the stresses and pains occurring in their life.
Managing Unipolar Disorders
Depression is responsive to psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy and is considered the best treatment. Milder cases may be treated with brief psychotherapy interventions alone. For more severe cases, antidepressant medications combined with psychotherapy are superior to medications or psychotherapy alone.
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Facts About Bipolar Illness / Disorder
Facts About Bipolar Illness
- More than 2 million Americans have manic-depressive illness. It is extremely distressing and disruptive to their lives.
- Like any serious illness, bipolar disorder also creates problems for spouses, family members, friends, and employers.
- Family members of people with bipolar disorder often have to cope with serious behavioral problems (such as wild spending sprees) and the lasting consequences of these behaviors.
- Bipolar disorder tends to run in families, and there is strong evidence that it is inherited. However, despite ongoing research efforts, a specific genetic defect associated with the disease has not yet been identified.
- Bipolar illness has been diagnosed in children under age 12, although it is not common in this age bracket. The symptoms can be confused with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, so careful diagnosis is necessary.
What Is Bipolar Disorder?
The distinguishing characteristic of Bipolar Disorder, as compared to other mood disorders, is the presence of at least one manic episode. Additionally, it is presumed to be a chronic condition because the vast majority of individuals who have one manic episode have additional episodes in the future. The statistics suggest that four episodes in ten years is an average, without preventative treatment. Every individual with bipolar disorder has a unique pattern of mood cycles, combining depression and manic episodes, that is specific to that individual, but predictable once the pattern is identified. Research studies suggest a strong genetic influence in bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder typically begins in adolescence or early adulthood and continues throughout life. It is often not recognized as a psychological problem, because it is episodic. Consequently, those who have it may suffer needlessly for years without treatment.
Effective treatment is available for bipolar disorder. Without treatment, marital breakups, job loss, alcohol and drug abuse, and suicide may result from the chronic, episodic mood swings. The most significant treatment issue is noncompliance with treatment. Most individuals with bipolar disorder do not perceive their manic episodes as needing treatment, and they resist entering treatment. In fact, most people report feeling very good during the beginning of a manic episode, and don’t want it to stop. This is a serious judgment problem. As the manic episode progresses, concentration becomes difficult, thinking becomes more grandiose, and problems develop. Unfortunately, the risk taking behavior usually results in significant painful consequences such as loss of a job or a relationship, running up excessive debts, or getting into legal difficulties. Many individuals with bipolar disorder abuse drugs or alcohol during manic episodes, and some of these develop secondary substance abuse problems.
What Is A Manic Episode?
A manic episode is an abnormally elevated, expansive or irritable mood, not related to substance abuse or a medical condition, that lasts for at least a week, and includes a number of disturbances in behavior and thinking that results in significant life adjustment problems. Chronic behavior that appears somewhat similar to manic behavior is more likely ADHD or evidence of personality problem.
It may be helpful to think of the various mood states in manic-depressive illness as a spectrum or continuous range. At one end is severe depression, which shades into moderate depression; then come mild and brief mood disturbances that many people call “the blues,” then normal mood, then hypomania (a mild form of mania), and then mania.
Some people with untreated bipolar disorder have repeated depressions and only an occasional episode of hypomania (bipolar II). In the other extreme, mania may be the main problem and depression may occur only infrequently. In fact, symptoms of mania and depression may be mixed together in a single “mixed” bipolar state.
Features Of A Manic Episode
- Extreme irritability & distractibility
- Excessive “high” or euphoric feelings
- Sustained periods of unusual, even bizarre, behavior with significant risk-taking
- Increased energy, activity, rapid talking & thinking, agitation
- Decreased sleep
- Unrealistic belief in one’s own abilities
- Poor judgment
- Increased sex drive
- Substance abuse
- Provocative or obnoxious behavior
- Denial of problem
Features Of A Depressive Episode: (Bi-Polar Depression)
- Persistent sad, anxious, or empty mood
- Feeling helpless, guilty, or worthless
- Hopeless or pessimistic feelings
- Loss of pleasure in usual activities
- Decreased energy
- Loss of memory or concentration
- Irritability or restlessness
- Sleep disturbances
- Loss of or increase in appetite
- Persistent thoughts of death
Respectfully Caring for the Emotional Well Being of Individuals & Families.
Crystal Lake Office
145 South Virginia Street
Crystal Lake, Illinois 60014
Monday 8:00am - 7:00pm
Tuesday 8:00am - 7:30pm
Wednesday 8:00am - 6:00pm
Thursday 8:00am - 5:00pm
Friday 8:00am - 5:00pm
Saturday 9:00am - 12:00pm
715 West Judd Street
Woodstock, Illinois 60098
Monday 9:00am - 5:00pm
Tuesday 9:00am - 7:00pm
Thursday 9:00am - 7:00pm
Friday 8:00am - 5:00pm
Mathers Community Mental Health Center Affiliates:
Federally licensed facilities for opiate/opioid treatment. Full range service for detoxification.